Friedrich Hölderlin was a great German poet whose main themes were society and the relationship between man and nature. He had a special perception of the world and an idiosyncratic style of language. However, recognition of his poetic achievement did not begin until the 20th century.
The stars of Kassel, the Hessian city that houses the largest Bergpark (mountain park) in Europe, are the Brothers Grimm. No child in Germany grows up without encountering these remarkable brothers at least once. They studied law but dedicated their lives to researching the roots of the German language and they are considered founding fathers of German Studies.
Kafka’s novel about someone's wasted efforts to gain access, for some purpose unknown to us, to a mysterious authority residing in a ‘castle’, is a timeless classic of German literature and one of the most comical novels ever written. The book is a brilliant satire about nonsensical organisation and administration for its own sake, but it can be interpreted in many profound ways.
Albrecht Dürer was born in the city of Nuremberg, a lively cultural and commercial centre in 15th century Germany. He was the third of eighteen children. Originally taught to draw by his father who was a goldsmith, he seems to have inherited a desire for fine detail in that craft.
Gerhard Richter is widely regarded as one of the world's leading contemporary artists. During a career spanning almost fifty years, the astonishing range of his work has become a defining characteristic, with painting at the centre of his development.