written on 10/08/2020
by Jutta Triebe

The Federal State Hessen is located in west-central Germany. Wiesbaden serves as its capital and Frankfurt am Main is the largest of its cities. This German state is home to over 6 million people as well as a plethora of flora. In fact, 42% of Hessen is covered by forests, making it  Germanys greenest state. 

Frankfurt, the biggest hessian city, was also the hometown of the world famous poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 – 1832). At that time, Germany was part of the ‘Holy Roman Empire’. His most famous works are ‘Faust’ and ‘The sorrows of young Werther’.  

If you visit Frankfurt you mustn’t miss the Palmengarten. It is a wonderful botanical garden that dates back to 1868.

No trip to Hessen, would be complete without visiting Kassel. The most popular tourist destination in Kassel is the Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe is the biggest hillside park in all of Europe. 

The park also houses a handful of palatial monuments, including one built by Napoleon’s younger brother, Jérôme Bonaparte. On the east side of the park, you’ll find Schloss Wilhelmshöhe, a Neoclassical palace dating back to the 18th century. 

One of the most famous witnesses of ancient history is the ‘Limes’. Between 80 A.D. and 260 A.D. this defensive fortification separated  the Celts in Southern Hessen from the Chatti and Cherusci in the North. It can be visited today.

The capital of Hessen is Wiesbaden, one of the oldest ‘Spa towns’ in Europe, with 15 still active hot springs. During the 19th century, Wiesbaden attracted a lot of artists and aristocrats from all over Europe and furthermost from Russia. Famously Fyodor Dostoevsky got inspired for his novel The Gambler in Wiesbaden's Casino.